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谷歌聯合創始人CEO和總裁辭職公開信(全文)

Alphabet首席執行長佩奇(Larry Page)周二宣布,他將辭去該職位。除了目前的職位,谷歌首席執行官桑達爾·皮查伊將接任母公司首席執行官一職。聯合創始人謝爾蓋·布林也將辭去Alphabet總裁一職,該職位將被取消。

Alphabet的股價在盤後上漲了0.8%。這是簡化我們管理結構的自然時機,「佩奇和布林在一篇博客文章中宣布了這一變化。公司。Alphabet和Google不再需要兩個CEO和一個總裁。「

佩奇在2015年成為Alphabet的首席執行官,當時谷歌重組成立了新的母公司,以監管其主要搜索和數字廣告業務之外的「其他賭注」。佩奇此前曾擔任谷歌首席執行官。在新的架構下,皮查伊成為谷歌的首席執行官後,有效地運行大部分的業務,因為佩奇已經退一步,把重點放在大圖片的努力。皮查伊此前曾領導過安卓和Chrome。

信中說,佩奇和布林作為Alphabet董事會的成員將繼續「積极參与」。聯合創始人仍擁有該公司的控股權。佩奇持有Alphabet約5.8%的股份,布林控制着約5.6%的股份,皮查伊持有約0.1%的股份,這確保了這位新CEO仍可能受到公司創始人的挑戰。谷歌表示,根據公告,其投票結構不會改變。

Alphabet可能需要更多地依賴於它的其他賭注,其中包括公司像Waymo韋莫和 verily威利,因為它的核心數字廣告業務運行谷歌顯示出放緩的跡象。谷歌2019年第一季度廣告收入放緩,第三季度利潤較上年同期下降。儘管其雲計算業務正在增長,但該公司仍難以在硬件領域獲得可觀的收入。

佩奇和皮查伊在動蕩的幾年裡一直監管着公司,谷歌的員工已經表達了對公司政策的不滿。據《紐約時報》調查顯示,去年,數千名谷歌員工走出世界各地的辦公室,抗議谷歌支付給前安卓領導人安迪·魯賓(Andy Rubin)的價值九千萬美元的離職補償方案,儘管谷歌發現針對他的性不當行為指控是可信的。CNBC上月報道稱,Alphabet的董事會已經開始調查高管們是如何處理性不當行為的。

谷歌被迫放棄了某些項目,而員工們對此表示反對。2018年,谷歌的雲主管當時表示,在2019年3月到期後,該公司將不再與國防部續約。此前,數千名員工聯名請願,敦促皮查伊讓谷歌遠離「戰爭業務」。

最近,一群被稱為「感恩節四人」的谷歌前員工聲稱,假期前解僱他們是對他們試圖組織工人的報復。這些前僱員已經承諾向國家勞工關係委員會提起訴訟,聲稱不公平的勞工做法。谷歌否認有任何報復行為,並堅持說,這些員工是由於共享機密文件和破壞安全而被解僱的。

以下是公開信全文

中文翻譯僅供參考,英文原文後附

ALPHABET

來自拉里和謝爾蓋的信

拉里·佩奇和謝爾蓋·布林

創始人

2019年12月3日

在2004年的S-1(上市招股說明書)中,我們的開始了第一封創始人的信,其中寫道:

「谷歌不是一家傳統的公司。我們不打算成為其中一員。在谷歌作為一家私有公司的演變過程中,我們以不同的方式管理谷歌。我們還強調了一種創造性和挑戰的氣氛,這種氣氛幫助我們為那些依賴我們的人提供了公正、準確和自由的信息獲取途徑。」

我們認為,這些核心原則今天仍然適用。該公司不是傳統的,並繼續在新技術,特別是我們的字母結構下,進行雄心勃勃的賭注。創造力和挑戰仍然一如既往地存在,如果不是更多的話,而且越來越多地應用於機器學習、能源效率和運輸等各個領域。儘管如此,谷歌的核心服務——提供公正、準確和自由的信息獲取——仍然是該公司的核心。

然而,自從我們寫了我們的第一個創始人的信,公司已經發展和成熟。在谷歌內部,有所有流行的消費服務,如地圖、照片和YouTube;全球生態系統的設備,由我們的安卓平台,包括我們自己的谷歌製造設備;谷歌雲,包括GCP和G套件;當然還有機器學習、雲計算和軟件工程的基礎技術。這是一個榮譽,數十億人已經選擇使這些產品成為他們生活的中心-這是一個信任和責任,谷歌將永遠努力不辜負。

谷歌「風險投資帝國」揭秘

在結構上,該公司在2015年發展成了Alphabet。就像我們在2015年的谷歌母公司設立時所說的:

「Alphabet是關於通過強大的領導者和獨立來實現商業繁榮的。」

自從我們寫完這篇文章,數以百計的鳳凰城居民現在正駕駛着Waymo汽車到處轉悠——許多人都沒有司機!永榮成為第一家向美國消費者進行商業送貨的無人機公司。通過與其他醫療保健公司的大量合作,「確實」和「卡利科」正在做重要的工作。我們的一些「其他投注」有自己的董事會,有獨立成員和外部投資者。

這些只是我們在Alphabet內部成立的幾個科技公司的例子,此外還有投資子公司GV和Capital G,它們支持了數百家公司。與谷歌的所有服務一起,這形成了一個豐富多彩的技術賭注在一系列行業-所有的目標都是幫助人民和解決重大挑戰。

我們的第二封創始人信開始於:「 Google誕生於1998年。如果是一個人,它將在去年夏末(8月19日左右)開始上小學,而今天它即將完成一年級。」今天,在2019年,假設該公司是一個人,那將是21歲的年輕人,是時候離開這個職位了。長期參與公司的日常管理一直是一項巨大的榮幸,但我們相信,現在應該承擔起驕傲的父母的角色了-提供建議和關愛,而不是每天嘮叨!如今,Alphabet已經很成熟,並且Google和Other Bets作為獨立公司有效運作,現在是時候簡化我們的管理結構了。當我們認為有更好的方法來運營公司時,我們從來沒有擔任過管理職務。Alphabet和Google不再需要兩位CEO和一位總裁。展望未來,Sundar將擔任Google和Alphabet的首席執行官。他將負責領導Google,並負責管理Alphabet對我們其他投注組合的投資。我們長期致力於Google和Alphabet,並將繼續積极參与董事會成員,股東和聯合創始人的活動。此外,我們計劃繼續定期與Sundar交流,尤其是在我們熱衷的話題上!

桑達爾每天都為我們的用戶、合作夥伴和我們的員工帶來謙卑和對技術的深厚熱情。他與我們緊密合作了15年,通過成立Alphabet,作為谷歌的首席執行官和字母董事會的成員。他分享了我們對Alphabet結構價值的信心,以及它為我們提供了通過技術應對重大挑戰的能力。自從Alphabet成立以來,我們再沒有比他更依賴的人了,也沒有比他更適合領導谷歌和Alphabet走向未來。

我們深感謙卑地看到一個小型研究項目發展成為數十億人的知識和能力的源泉。這是我們作為兩個斯坦福的學生所下的一個賭注,導致了許多其他的技術賭注。早在1998年,當我們將服務器從宿舍搬到車庫時,我們無法想像接下來的旅程。

桑達爾Sundar在12月3日星期二向Google員工發送了以下電子郵件:

大家好,幾周前當我在東京訪問Google員工時,我談到了Google多年來的變化。實際上,在我與Google的15年以上合作中,我唯一看到的不變就是變化。不斷發展的過程-創始人經常將其稱為「令人不安的激動」-是我們的一部分。

今天,當您閱讀Larry和Sergey剛剛發佈到我們博客的新聞時,該聲明尤其正確。拉里(Larry)和謝爾蓋(Sergey)分享的關鍵信息是:

「儘管長期參與公司的日常管理一直是一項巨大的榮幸,但我們認為現在應該承擔起驕傲的父母的角色-提供建議和愛,但不是每天的嘮叨!

如今,Alphabet已經很成熟,並且Google和Other Bets作為獨立公司有效運作,現在是時候簡化我們的管理結構了。當我們認為有更好的方法來運營公司時,我們從來沒有擔任過管理職務。Alphabet和Google不再需要兩位CEO和一位總裁。

展望未來,Sundar將擔任Google和Alphabet的首席執行官。他將負責領導Google,並負責管理Alphabet對我們其他投注組合的投資。我們長期致力於Google和Alphabet,並將繼續積极參与董事會成員,股東和聯合創始人的活動。此外,我們計劃繼續定期與Sundar交流,尤其是在我們熱衷的話題上!」

我第一次見到拉里和謝爾蓋是在2004年,自那以後,他們的指導和見解使我受益匪淺。好消息是我將繼續和他們一起工作——儘管我和他們的角色不同。作為董事會成員和聯合創始人,他們仍將為你提供建議。

我想澄清的是,這種轉變不會影響到Alphabet的結構,也不會影響到我們每天的工作。我將繼續非常專註於谷歌和我們正在做的深入工作,以推動計算的邊界,並為每個人建立一個更有用的谷歌。同時,我對Alphabet及其長期專註於通過技術應對重大挑戰感到興奮。

創始人們給了我們所有人一個不可思議的機會去影響這個世界。正是因為他們,我們才有了永恆的使命、永恆的價值觀,以及協作和探索的文化,讓我們每天都來工作變得令人興奮。這是我們將繼續努力的堅實基礎。迫不及待想看看我們接下來要去的地方,並期待着與你們一起繼續旅程。

-桑達爾

以下是英文原文:

ALPHABET

A letter from Larry and Sergey

Larry Page and Sergey Brin

Founders

Published Dec3,2019

Our very first founders』 letter in our2004 S-1 began:

「Google is not a conventional company. We do not intend to become one. Throughout Google』s evolution as a privately held company, we have managed Google differently. We have also emphasized an atmosphere of creativity and challenge, which has helped us provide unbiased, accurate and free access to information for those who rely on us around the world.」

We believe those central tenets are still true today. The company is not conventional and continues to make ambitious bets on new technology, especially with our Alphabet structure. Creativity and challenge remain as ever-present as before, if not more so, and are increasingly applied to a variety of fields such as machine learning, energy efficiency and transportation. Nonetheless, Google』s core service—providing unbiased, accurate, and free access to information—remains at the heart of the company.

However, since we wrote our first founders』 letter, the company has evolved and matured. Within Google, there are all the popular consumer services that followed Search, such as Maps, Photos, and YouTube; a global ecosystem of devices powered by our Android and Chrome platforms, including our own Made by Google devices; Google Cloud, including GCP and G Suite; and of course a base of fundamental technologies around machine learning, cloud computing, and software engineering. It』s an honor that billions of people have chosen to make these products central to their lives—this is a trust and responsibility that Google will always work to live up to.

And structurally, the company evolved into Alphabet in2015. As we said in the Alphabet founding letter in2015:

「Alphabet is about businesses prospering through strong leaders and independence.」

Since we wrote that, hundreds of Phoenix residents are now being driven around in Waymo cars—many without drivers! Wing became the first drone company to make commercial deliveries to consumers in the U.S. And Verily and Calico are doing important work, through a number of great partnerships with other healthcare companies. Some of our「Other Bets」 have their own boards with independent members, and outside investors.

Those are just a few examples of technology companies that we have formed within Alphabet, in addition to investment subsidiaries GV and Capital G, which have supported hundreds more. Together with all of Google』s services, this forms a colorful tapestry of bets in technology across a range of industries—all with the goal of helping people and tackling major challenges.

Our second founders』 letter began:

「Google was born in1998. If it were a person, it would have started elementary school late last summer(around August19), and today it would have just about finished the first grade.」

Today, in2019, if the company was a person, it would be a young adult of21 and it would be time to leave the roost. While it has been a tremendous privilege to be deeply involved in the day-to-day management of the company for so long, we believe it』s time to assume the role of proud parents—offering advice and love, but not daily nagging!

With Alphabet now well-established, and Google and the Other Bets operating effectively as independent companies, it』s the natural time to simplify our management structure. We』ve never been ones to hold on to management roles when we think there』s a better way to run the company. And Alphabet and Google no longer need two CEOs and a President. Going forward, Sundar will be the CEO of both Google and Alphabet. He will be the executive responsible and accountable for leading Google, and managing Alphabet』s investment in our portfolio of Other Bets. We are deeply committed to Google and Alphabet for the long term, and will remain actively involved as Board members, shareholders and co-founders. In addition, we plan to continue talking with Sundar regularly, especially on topics we』re passionate about!

Sundar brings humility and a deep passion for technology to our users, partners and our employees every day. He』s worked closely with us for15 years, through the formation of Alphabet, as CEO of Google, and a member of the Alphabet Board of Directors. He shares our confidence in the value of the Alphabet structure, and the ability it provides us to tackle big challenges through technology. There is no one that we have relied on more since Alphabet was founded, and no better person to lead Google and Alphabet into the future.

We are deeply humbled to have seen a small research project develop into a source of knowledge and empowerment for billions—a bet we made as two Stanford students that led to a multitude of other technology bets. We could not have imagined, back in1998 when we moved our servers from a dorm room to a garage, the journey that would follow.

Sundar sent the following email to Googlers on Tuesday, December3:

Hi everyone,

When I was visiting Googlers in Tokyo a few weeks ago I talked about how Google has changed over the years. In fact, in my15+ years with Google, the only constant I』ve seen is change. This process of continuous evolution-- which the founders often refer to as"uncomfortably exciting"-- is part of who we are. That statement will feel particularly true today as you read the news Larry and Sergey have just posted to our blog.

The key message Larry and Sergey shared is this:

While it has been a tremendous privilege to be deeply involved in the day-to-day management of the company for so long, we believe it』s time to assume the role of proud parents—offering advice and love, but not daily nagging!

With Alphabet now well-established, and Google and the Other Bets operating effectively as independent companies, it』s the natural time to simplify our management structure. We』ve never been ones to hold on to management roles when we think there』s a better way to run the company. And Alphabet and Google no longer need two CEOs and a President. Going forward, Sundar will be the CEO of both Google and Alphabet. He will be the executive responsible and accountable for leading Google, and managing Alphabet』s investment in our portfolio of Other Bets. We are deeply committed to Google and Alphabet for the long term, and will remain actively involved as Board members, shareholders and co-founders. In addition, we plan to continue talking with Sundar regularly, especially on topics we』re passionate about!

I first met Larry and Sergey back in2004 and have been benefiting from their guidance and insights ever since. The good news is I』ll continue to work with them-- although in different roles for them and me. They』ll still be around to advise as board members and co-founders.

I want to be clear that this transition won't affect the Alphabet structure or the work we do day to day. I will continue to be very focused on Google and the deep work we』re doing to push the boundaries of computing and build a more helpful Google for everyone. At the same time, I』m excited about Alphabet and its long term focus on tackling big challenges through technology.

The founders have given all of us an incredible chance to have an impact on the world. Thanks to them, we have a timeless mission, enduring values, and a culture of collaboration and exploration that makes it exciting to come to work every day. It』s a strong foundation on which we will continue to build. Can』t wait to see where we go next and look forward to continuing the journey with all of you.

- Sundar

責任編輯: 王和   來源:留學觀察者 轉載請註明作者、出處並保持完整。

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