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美國國會提出如中興犯規就實施制裁的議案

美國參議院兩黨一些議員星期二提出一項議案,要求在中興公司再次違反美國法律以及同特朗普政府達成的協議的情況下對其實施制裁。

2018年,美國曾因這家中國公司違反同美國政府達成的協議而對其進行處罰,禁止美國公司向中興銷售芯片和相關設備,使它瀕臨瓦解。但是特朗普總統取消了制裁,中興因此死而復生。許多國會議員對特朗普的做法表示不滿,其中包括共和黨議員。中興受到處罰的原因是向朝鮮和伊朗提供原產於美國的通訊設備。

這項議案的共同發起人是共和党參議員馬科·魯比奧、蘇珊·柯林斯、傑里·莫蘭和共和党參議員克里·斯范何倫、馬克·沃納、伊麗莎白·沃倫和道格拉斯·瓊斯。

許多美國國會議員認為中國電訊巨頭中興和華為對美國國家安全構成威脅,擔心使用它們的技術會使中國更容易竊取美國的機密。

這是美國國會第二次提出有關制裁中興的議案,上一項議案是去年9月提出的,但是由於國會休會而過期。

WASHINGTON, Feb5(Reuters)- A bipartisan group of senators introduced a bill on Tuesday that would reimpose sanctions on ZTE Corp if the Chinese telecommunications firm fails to live up to U.S. laws and an agreement with the Trump administration.

U.S. President Donald Trump angered many members of Congress, including some of his fellow Republicans, in July2018 when he decided to lift a ban on U.S. companies selling to ZTE, allowing the Chinese company to resume business.

ZTE broke a previous agreement and was caught illegally shipping U.S.-origin goods to Iran and North Korea, Commerce Department officials said. ZTE pleaded guilty last year over the sanctions violations.

Republican Senators Marco Rubio, Susan Collins and Jerry Moran sponsored the legislation along with Democratic Senators Chris Van Hollen, Mark Warner, Elizabeth Warren and Doug Jones.

The bill comes just days after top U.S. officials met with their counterparts from China in Washington to try to hammer out an agreement to end a trade war between the world's two biggest economies.

It also comes as the United States tries to extradite a top executive at Huawei Technologies Co Ltd on charges she conspired to violate U.S. sanctions on Iran.

Many members of Congress view ZTE and Huawei as national security threats, worrying that the use of their technologies in the United States could make it easier for China to steal secrets.

This is the second time lawmakers have introduced a bill on ZTE and sanctions. The previous bill, introduced in September, expired as the previous Congressional session ended.

ZTE did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

阿波羅網責任編輯:楚天 來源:VOA 轉載請註明作者、出處並保持完整。

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